Arc de Triomphe – Monument commemorating the victory of France


The Arc de Triomphe is not only a great architectural work with French imprints, it is also a historical witness to the glorious victories of the people of Paris. Located in the middle of Charles-de-Gaulle Square, the final destination of the famous Champs-Elysées walk of fame, the Arc de Triomphe is a bustling and bustling center, clearly demonstrating the lifestyle as well as the unique features of the world. Modern culture of Paris.

1. Some details about the Arc de Triomphe

In 1616, Queen Marie de Médicis decided to build a long path, surrounded by trees, for walking. That road today becomes the Champs-Elysées – the most famous avenue in Paris. The Arc de Triomphe is an architectural work located at the western end of the Champs-Elysées Avenue, right in the middle of Etoile Square – an area crowded with tourists.

The Arc de Triomphe (French: L’arc de triomphe de l’Etoile) is a structure in Paris built in 1806, under Emperor Napoleon I, to honor the French army and commemorate its glorious victories. . After Emperor Napoleon 1 no longer ruled, construction of the Arc de Triomphe was stopped in 1814. Then, the work was continued and completed in 1836 under the reign of King Louis Philippe.

Information about the Arc de Triomphe ( L’arc de triomphe de l’Étoile)
Year of commencement1806
Inauguration year1836
SizeHeight 50m; width 45m.
ArchitectJean-François-Thérèse Chalgrin
Coordinates48°52′25″N 2°17′42″E

The Arc de Triomphe is located in an extremely prime location, at the intersection of 12 avenues and 3 major districts of France. When standing on the Champs Elysees, in mid-May and early January, visitors can admire the sunset across the Arc de Triomphe.

2. Historical significance of the Arc de Triomphe

Not only is it an architectural work built to praise and commemorate the heroic victories of the French army, the Arc de Triomphe is also a symbol of the patriotism of the entire people. This was once a place used to hold state funerals, the largest of which was the state funeral of the great writer Victor Hugo in 1885. His coffin was placed under the arch for all Parisians to pay their respects. reverence.

Located in the heart of Paris city , the Arc de Triomphe is the location for many activities, rituals and major events throughout the year. Every French National Day, a military parade will be held here in front of a large number of French people. Besides, there are also many cultural and sports activities, major festivals such as the New Year festival, or the Tour de France bicycle tournament also regularly take place around this area.

As one of the symbols with important historical, political and cultural significance, the Arc de Triomphe is ranked 10th in the list of the most attractive architectural works in Paris. This is definitely a destination not to be missed when tourists have the opportunity to set foot in this city.

3. Famous events took place at the Arc de Triomphe

The Arc de Triomphe is where important national funerals are held, including the largest national funeral of the great writer Victor Hugo in 1885. His coffin was placed under the arch of the Arc de Triomphe for all Parisians to see. pay homage.

Besides, the Arc de Triomphe is also the venue for many important historical events. Many victory parades have taken place here, the victorious army marching through this place, from the German army in 1871, the French army in 1918, the German army in 1940, the French and Allied troops in 1944 and 1945.

On November 11 every year, the ceremony commemorating the armistice between France and Germany in 1918 is held right here at the Arc de Triomphe. In addition, on July 14 every year, an important parade called “Bastille Day Parade” – commemorates the day the French people celebrate the destruction of the Bastille prison of the absolute monarchy, or the birth of the democratic regime. Today’s hosts are also held at this place.

Along with the Champs-Elysées, the Arc de Triomphe is one of the works that attracts the most tourists. With 1,330,738 visitors buying tickets in 2006, this is definitely a destination not to be missed if visitors have the opportunity to set foot in the city of Paris.

4. Architecture of the Arc de Triomphe

The Arc de Triomphe is an architectural work designed by famous architect Jean-Francois Chalgrin (1739 – 1811). The building has a classic dome architecture, built entirely from white stone, with a height of 50m, a width of 45m and a depth of 22m. The facade of the Arc de Triomphe is relatively square, all sides are decorated with reliefs and statues. There are 558 statues of many great figures in French history.

Among them, the four largest sculptures are “Departure 1792” and “Triumph 1810” facing the Champs-Elysées, “Resistance 1814” and “Peace 1815” facing Grande. Armee.

On the inside, the four legs of the Arc de Triomphe are decorated with many reliefs, depicting famous French battles in history. There are a total of 6 reliefs, 4 above the statues and 2 on the side, clearly depicting prominent periods and famous events during the French revolution and empire.

In addition, on the surface of the Arc de Triomphe there are many other small reliefs. The inside of the four legs is decorated with many bas-reliefs of famous battles during the empire and revolution. Below the foot is where the names of famous generals from that historical period are engraved.

Since 1920, under the archway of the Arc de Triomphe there has been a tomb of an unknown soldier. This is the grave of a French soldier who died young during the battle of Verdun in World War I. Since then, every 6:30 p.m. on this grave, a fire will be lit.

From the ground, visitors can go to the top floor by elevator or climbing 284 stairs. This is the location of the exhibition room, where paintings, photos, and drawings about the construction of the Arc de Triomphe through the ages are displayed.

Also at the observation deck at the top, visitors can easily observe the beautiful landscapes of the Elysées Avenue, the Louvre Museum , the Eiffel Tower, the Sacré Coeur cathedral and the new area La Défense. To get to the foot of the building, visitors can use the Ky Niem walkway (French name is Passage du Souvenir), built underground below the square.

5. Journey to discover the Arc de Triomphe

The Arc de Triomphe is 49.5m high, 45m wide and about 22m deep. This is known as the largest overall sculpture in France in the 19th century. The front of the Arc de Triomphe is relatively wide, has a square-like structure with many decorative reliefs and monuments engraved with names. famous figures of the imperial and revolutionary periods.

The Arc de Triomphe is famous for many famous sculptures of resounding historical victories, delicately and meticulously carved on the surface. Among them, there are definitely 4 main works, including Departure in 1972 and Triumph in 1810 towards Paris, Resistance in 1814 and Peace in 1815 towards the suburb of Neuilly. In addition, underneath the huge arched gate are engraved the names of many historical figures, great French generals in the Napoleonic era, who devoted their best to create resounding victories throughout the period. That heroic piece of history.

Besides visiting the exquisite sculptures, visitors can also go to the top of the Arc de Triomphe to observe works of art displayed at the museum, or visit souvenir shops to choose from. Choose some gifts for family and relatives. From the top of the Arc de Triomphe, visitors will be able to see an extremely impressive Paris, with a splendid and magnificent scene of the entire city, with famous boulevards intersecting, the Champs Elysees boulevard. known as the most beautiful road. In particular, watching Paris at night from the Arc de Triomphe is also an extremely interesting experience, because this is the time to show off the most beautiful things of the city of light – a magnificent and magnificent Paris.


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