Hanauma Bay – Hanauma Bay – Honolulu – USA

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Hanauma is an ocean bay formed in a tuff belt created by volcanic ash and located along the southeast coast of the island of O’ahu in the Hawaii Kai area of ​​East Honolulu in the Hawaiian Islands. The word “hana” means bay in Hawaiian (the addition of bay by its name is unnecessary). There are two explanations from the vowel of the second part of its name. An explanation from the Hawaiian word for curve, referring either to the shape of the area or to the shape of native boats, has been put into use here. Another explanation originates from the indigenous wrestling game called “Uma”.

Hanauma is one of the most popular tourist destinations on the island and has suffered its share of overuse (at one point it accommodated more than three million visitors a year). In 1956, explosives were used to clear part of the reef to make room for telephone cables connecting Hawaii to the west coast of the United States.

Hanauma is both a Nature Preserve and a Marine Sanctuary (one of which was established in the State of Hawaii). In response to feedback, its name has changed over time from Hanauma Bay Beach Park to Hanauma Bay Nature Preserve. Visitors are required, by law, to avoid mistreating marine animals or touching, walking on, or coming into contact with coral heads, which look like large rocks on the ocean floor (here, mainly shallow shoreline around the beach). Tourists are always advised to avoid contact with coral or sea rocks because cuts on the skin can be harmful and ignoring them can cause health problems.

About 400 species of fish are known to live in the bay. Hanauma Bay is known for its abundance of green sea turtles, Chelonia mydas, known as Honu. Hanauma is a nursery for juvenile turtles, which nest at French Frigate Shoals. It is also known for its abundance of sea bass.

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